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A Brief Glossary Of Land Rover Terms

A Brief Glossary Of Land Rover Terms

ALTERNATOR
A fan-belt driven device which charges the battery at a rate of about 14.3 volts.

A.R.C
The Association of Rover Clubs. An umbrella group, comprising of many U.K. Rover Owners Clubs.

BIRMABRIGHT
The alloy used in the construction of many Land Rover panels.

B.S.F
British Standard Fine, an imperial thread size used in Britain before U.N.F and metric became the norm. See also WHITWORTH

BUGEYE
A nickname given to the earlier late SIIa's which had chromed bezels around the headlights in the wings.

BULKHEAD
The steel panel bolted to the chassis, comprising the footwells and dashboard. One of the Landy's main rust areas!

BUMPERETTES
Extra sections of bumper over and above the usual single bumper, used on military Landies. Sometimes referred to as a double bumper. Also refers to the heavy duty chunky rear bumpers fitted to the same, instead of GRAB HANDLES.

CAPPINGS
The galvanised steel sections that go around the rear body and below the doortops on the side doors.

CARAWAGON
A campervan conversion based on the Land Rover body, built by R. J. Searle. See also DORMOBILE

C.K.D
Completely Knocked Down. Essentially, this is a kit car (told you the Landy was a big Meccano set, didn't I??) supplied to local manufacturers for building in various countries.

COILER
Sometimes derisory term for Land Rovers with coil springs instead of leaf springs (see also LEAFER) eg. Defender, Discovery, or Range Rover.

CRAZY.
Most Land Rover owners. Let's be honest....

DAMPER
Another name for the shock absorber. Absorbs some of the bounce form the springs, and stops the vehicle from bouncing off into space…….

DELUXE
Term applied to 'posher' fittings on some Landies…. E.g; Deluxe seats, or Deluxe bonnet. Still basic though.

DINKIES
Loving term given to SWB Pink Panther variants. See also PINKIES.

DORMOBILE
LWB Landy camper conversion similar to CARAWAGON, built by Martin Walters, UK.

DYNAMO.
Similar to the alternator, it replaces the charge in the battery.

ELEPHANT HIDE
Seat covering made of tough grey vinyl, used up to around 1966-67.

FAIREY
Manufacturer of the only 'approved by Land Rover' capstan winch, overdrive and Free Wheel Hubs. Eventually superceded by Superwinch. See also, TORO and M.A.P.

FANBELT
V-Belt which connects the crankshaft front pulley to the alternator or dynamo, and also drives the water pump, and cooling fan.

FORWARD CONTROL
Land Rover variant with cab over the front wheels, based on the 109 inch chassis, giving huge capacity in the rear load bed.

F.W.H
Free Wheel Hubs, Allowing you to disengage the front roadwheels from the drivetrain. Supposedly gives better fuel economy. (NO, I am NOT getting into that argument here!)

F.F.R
Fitted For Radio, a 24volt military radio variant, with shielded electrics, and a whopping great huge generator to provide the power instead of a dynamo or alternator.

GREEN BIBLE
Factory issue repair manual, covering just about everything. It has a Green cover!

HALFSHAFT
Axle shaft which transfers drive from differential to the roadwheel. Easier to break in non-SALISBURY axles.

HARDY SPICER
The X shaped part of the PROPSHAFT, part of the universal joint, also referred to as a SPIDER, containing the needle bearings.

HOOD
Canvas soft top.

HOOPS
Metal tubular support framework (similar to tent poles!!) for the HOOD

I.O.E
Inlet Over Exhaust, referring to the valve set up on 1600 cc and 2 litre engines, and also the 2625cc 'straight six' engine.

GRAB HANDLES
Galvanised steel handles on the outer ends of the rear crossmember…Supposedly so you can lift and push a stuck Landy.

LEAFER
Leafsprung Landy. Be it Parabolic springs or the standard multi-leaf. Lovingly also referred to as 'SPLEENBUSTER'

LIGHTWEIGHT
Military SWB Landy, designed to be airportable, even though it is heavier than the normal 88".

LUCAS
Manufacturer of Land Rover electrical components. Often berated, and referred to as 'THE PRINCE OF DARKNESS' owing to failures within the systems, leaving you with no lights. Be fair though, the wiring holds up pretty well for its age doesn't it?

L.W.B
Long Wheel Base. 107" or 109" wheelbase.

M.A.P
Mayflower Automotive Products, Hamilton Works, Tavistock, Devon. Another manufacturer of F.W.H.s, sadly N.L.A.

M.O.T
Ministry Of Transport. Government body that makes us in the U.K. have a test for roadworthiness and safety done annually on our vehicles. One of the most important (and expensive) bits of paper you can have with your Landy.

N.L.A
No Longer Available. Refers to parts the suppliers can't get anymore.

O.H.V
Over Head Valves, Referring to the valve arrangement on 2.25 litre engines.

OVERDRIVE
A gearbox mounted unit which cuts engine speed compared to roadspeed, giving better economy and less wear and tear. Apparently.

PARABOLICS
Leafsprings used on SANTANA SIIIa and IV vehicles, giving better axle articulation and an 'easier' ride. Also available as aftermarket 'upgrades' for our Landies.

PINKIES
LWB military L.R. used by the Special Air Service in the desert arena, painted pink, and carrying some serious weaponry. SWB versions referred to as DINKIES.

POSITIVE EARTH
The wiring system employed on early (up to 1966) Landies, the earth strap going to the chassis was from the positive terminal of the battery.

PRINCE OF DARKNESS
See LUCAS.

PROPSHAFT
The shaft that transfers the drive from the gearbox to the axle, with a universal joint at each end.

SALISBURY
A heavy duty axle fitted to SIII LWB models, stronger than the earlier differentials and less likely to break the HALFSHAFTs.

SANTANA
Spanish company building Land Rovers under license from SOLIHULL, they stuck with LEAFERs when LR went to COILERs.

SELECTRO
Another manufacturer of FWH, early ones were good and are much sought after, but the later ones….leaked.

SHINBURNER
Nickname for the round SMITHS heater fitted as an optional extra to many early Landies. Your shins burn, whilst everything else stays cold!

SMITHS
Manufacturers of electrical components for Landies, they made heaters (flat rectangular and SHINBURNERs) and gauges.

SOLEX
Land Rover carburettor manufacturer up to 1966, when they were bought out by ZENITH. Look out for the SOLEX 361V carb fitted to some early SIIa's, they are actually a ZENITH carburettor wearing a SOLEX badge.

SOLIHULL
A town in Warwickshire, Land Rover's birthplace. Some of us face SOLIHULL each morning and give thanks.....or curse…depends on the day! (of course, its now in the West Midlands...but all my Landies have been Series ones, and have 'Solihull Warwickshire' on the plate..The joys of spleenbuster ownership, always behind with the times....)

STATION WAGON
SWB versions have a TROPICAL ROOF, rear door (as opposed to a tailgate), side windows and 7 seats, LWB versions (Safari station wagon) have tropical roof, 5 doors side windows and seats for 10 – 12.

STICK SET
See HOOPS

S.U
Refers to Skinners Union, the suppliers of carburettors for six cylinder Landies.

S.W.B
Short Wheel Base, ie; 80, 86, or 88 inch.

TILT
See HOOD

TORO
Another OVERDRIVE manufacturer, supposedly tougher than the FAIREY unit, but not L.R approved.

TROPICAL ROOF
A double skinned roof, with an air gap between, supposedly cooler in tropical climes. Includes alpine lights, insulated headlining and roof vents.

TWO AND A QUARTER
The fond name for the 2286cc Land Rover engine, being 2.25 litres.

V8
Does what it says on the tin!

WARN
American manufacturer of FWH, NLA except secondhand. See also FAIREY, M.A.P. and SELECTRO.

WEBER
Aftermarket carburettor conversion, replacing the SOLEX or ZENITH carburettor. Made in Italy, and very popular. Mine used to ice up in damp weather!

WHITWORTH
A British bolt sizing method using the length of one of the 'flats' on the bolthead. These sizes don't really correspond with most of the current metric, BSF and U.N.F sizes…you really need the right spanners!

WIPAC
Another manufacturer of lamps and headlights for Landies, alternative to LUCAS.

WIRING LOOM
Complete set of wires for your Landy, braided and fitted with all the appropriate terminals. You can still buy these from suppliers, new and un-bodged!

ZENITH
Carburettor manufacturer, see also SOLEX.
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